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Pathology

The word pathology is derived from the greek words,  pathos meaning suffering and logos meaning study. Pathology is thus the scientific study of the changes in structure and function of the body in disease.
Pathologists contribute in patient management by providing final diagnosis of disease. For the student of medicine,  the discipline of pathology forms a vital bridge between initial learning phase of preclinical sciences and the final phase of clinical subjects.

 

BRIEF HISTORY
The origin of the Department of  Pathology  can be traced  back to 1987 when it was started as a part of the Medical Mission Hospital. It became a full-fledged department of the Medical College in the year 2001 under the leadership of Dr. Gracy George( former JDME and  Principal of Pariyaram Medical College). The department was set up and nurtured by a team of dedicated medical teachers - Dr. Basanti Nair (former Professor of Pathology Medical College, Kozhikode),  Dr. Geetha Gopal,
(former Professor of Pathology Govt.  Medical College,Thrissur), Dr. Elizabeth Joseph (former faculty member SCTIMST Trivandrum), Dr. Anna Matthai, Dr. Latha K Abraham,  Dr. Chitra Kuriakose  and Dr. Padmaja P S.
When Dr. Gracy George left on 30-04-2011,  Dr. Anna Matthai was in charge of the department from 1-05-2011 to 30-6-2013. Dr. Elizabeth Joseph took charge on 1-07-2013 as HOD and worked till 31-05-2015. She was succeeded by Dr. UshaPoothiode (former Prof and HOD of Pathology ,Govt. Medical College,Kottayam) who joined on 01-06-2015.

 

ACADEMICS

The Department of Pathology is conducting Theory and Practical Classes for the following courses conducted in the institution- MBBS, BSc Nursing, DMLT & GIETTC

                          Students admitted per year is as follows:-
                          MBBS : 100 students/yr
                          BSc Nursing : 60
                          DMLT : 11
                          Gastro Intestinal Therapeutic Technician course ( GIETTC ) : 4/yr

Academic Activities:- 
All the staff are actively involved in undergraduate teaching including integrated teaching.
The academic activities for the MBBS students are aimed at developing the skills and attitude in the students,  in addition to imparting knowledge. Before each practical class pre- test will be conducted so that the students will revise the theory part.


The following  programs  are incorporated in the undergraduate MBBS schedule in addition to the routine lectures and  practicals.

1) Case study: Each student makes an in depth study of a clinical case in which the biopsy/ surgical specimen has been reported from the department and present the case as a case study.
Objective :

  • To develop a holistic view of the disease in the students.
  • To know the relevance of the study of Pathology in relation to the symptoms and signs of the patient and to arrive at a clinicopathological correlation.
  • To overcome inhibition to present before an audience.
  • As a training to prepare a case report for future publication

2) Preparation of self learning modules by students: Students are divided into groups of 2-3 and they prepare a self learning study module on a particular topic allotted to them.  It includes a case history with the gross and microscopy of the lesion.  The format is as questions and answers
Objective: In addition to the objectives No 1 to 3 as above this makes the study of pathology more interesting.

3) Project: Small projects for study are given to the students to be completed in a period of 6 months.
Objective: to train the students in conducting a pilot research project.

4) Presentation of the gross & histopathology of the slides:In each practical class a student presents the gross and microscopy of the lesion to be studied.  This is done under the supervision of a staff member.
Objective: 1) To expose the students to oral presentation before an audience so that they
overcome their inhibition and improve their communication skills.
2) To make the student study the topic in depth

5) Seminars: Seminars on selected topics are conducted by the students
Objective: To encourage them to prepare a topic in depth and to present it in a summarized form.

                                                               Publications

  1. Latha K Abraham, UshaPoothiode: A case of cutaneous rosai-dorfman disease diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. International Journal of Research of  Dermatology, 2015 December; 1 (1) 20-23
  2. Latha K Abraham, Elizabeth Joseph, Sunitha Thomas, Anna Matthai: Subcutaneous pheohyphomycosis – A Clinicopathlogical study.  International Surgery journal, 2014 November; 1(3):140-143.
  3. Latha K Abraham, Anna Matthai, Sunitha Thomas, Elizabeth Joseph: Fine needle aspiration cytology of primary thyroid lymphoma International surgery journal 2014 May:1 (1):53-55
  4. Elizabeth Joseph Fischer, Sunitha Thomas, Prathap Mohan, Latha K Abraham, Anna Matthai Elizabeth Joseph et al.Correlation Between the age of Thrombus and short term clinical outcomes in patient undergoing primary percutaneous coronary Intervention
  5. Journal of American College of Cardiology 2014, April, Vol 63/12/S.5
  6. Sunitha Thomas,  LaxmiRadhakrishnan, Latha K Abraham, Anna Matthai : Uterine Angioleiyomyomawith  atypia, raised CA – 125 levels and Pseudo- Meigs Syndrome – An alarming presentation Case reports in Pathology, Volume 2012;2012;519473
  7. Elizabeth Joseph, Anna Matthai, Latha K. Abraham, Sunitha Thomas: Subcutaneous human dirofilariasis. J. of Parasit. Dis 2011 Oct.35 (2): 140-143
  8. Fischer L, Joseph E, Mathew A, et al. Impact of atherosclerotic risk factors on histopathological
  9. features of coronary thrombi in ST elevation myocardial infarction patients undergoing primarypercutaneous coronary intervention. J. Evolution Med. Dent. Sci. 2016;5(77):00-00, DOI:10.14260/jemds/2016/1.
  10. Descriptive Study on Selected Risk Factors and Histopathology of Breast Carcinoma in a Tertiary Care Centre in Kerala, India with Special Reference to Women Under 40 Years Old
  11. Ashley Ann Varughese ·  UshaPoothiode ·  VdManjula Feb 2015 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP Placental mesenchymal dysplasia: a report of two cases with review of literature. Indian J PatholMicrobiol 2013 Jan-Mar;56(1):57-9
  12. SainulabdeenSheeja,  PoothiodeUsha,  Mohan P Shiny,  ThambiRenu Ovarian fibroma with serous cystadenoma-an unusual combination: a case report. Case Rep ObstetGynecol 2012 16;2012:641085. Epub 2012 Dec 16.
  13. P S Jayalakshmy ,  UshaPoothiode ,  G Krishna,  P L Jayalakshmy Thanatophoric dysplasia: a case report and review of literature. Indian J PatholMicrobiol 2007 Jul;50(3):589-92
  14. P S Indu ,  UshaPoothiode ,  Joy Augustine ,  Sreekala B Pillai Primary cardiac sarcoma with metastases to thyroid and brain
  15. JyotsnaYesodharan ·  SubithaKandamuthan ·  UshaPoothiode Jul 2015 · Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology

NEWS AND EVENTS

CME' s and Conferences conducted by the department
State Conference of Indian Association of Pathologists and Microbiologists was held in our institution on 13-08-2016, hosted by Pathology department.
Slide Seminars, Topic Discussions, CPCs, and  Journal Club are also conducted for the
departmental staff.


DEPARTMENT OF TRANSFUSION MEDICINE AND  IMMUNOHAEMATOLOGY

Contact number: 04843055283


The Blood Bank at MOSC is well equipped with trained staff and automated machines,  which works round the clock and has license for Component Separation since 2007 .

Medical Officers

  1. Dr. Elizabeth Joseph  
  2. Dr. Abhilash K.K      

Blood Bank Technicians

  1. Sarakutty P. K
  2. Valsa Thomas
  3. Jisha Kuriakose
  4. Linu John
  5. TeesaThampi
  6. AleyammaYesudas
  7. SoumyaMohanan
  8. Anu Kuriakose
  9. DeepaKarunakaran

Registered Nurse       

  1. SangeethaM.D                      
  2. Ninny Joseph             
  3. Gincy Mathew   

 

Technical Supervisor

  1. Alice C.C

 

  

Blood grouping and Cross matching are done using Ortho Autovue which is a completely automated machine.The donor area has comfortable donor couches and blood collection monitors. Blood is collected and  separated into various components using refrigerated centrifuge and automated extractor. The separated components are stored under proper temperature in refrigerators, quick freezers and platelet agitator.

Blood components available :
Packed cells (PRBC),  Fresh frozen plasma (FFP),  Platelet Concentrate,  Cryoprecipitate and Platelet rich plasma (PRP)
Screening of blood is done using the fully automated Vitros ECI using chemiluminescence technology. Other tests done in blood bank are Direct Coombs Test,  Indirect Coombs Test  and Antibody screening.